There are more than three million women in the United States who cannot become pregnant. The “women infertility” problem appears to be confronting more women than ever before. According to the National Centers for Disease Control, this increase is partially attributable to increased sterility-causing diseases.
CAUSES OF WOMEN INFERTILITY
1. IUD(Intrauterine Device)/Gonorrhea May Cause Women Infertility
Cases of gonorrhea have increased tremendously. And there is an increase in the number of women using IUDs. This puts them at increased risk for pelvic inflammatory disease, a major cause of infertility. According to studies, many women may be unable to conceive because of infections while wearing an IUD.
2. Career Demands and Uncertain Relationship Can Cause Women Infertility
The postponement of pregnancy into the 30s also causes a drop in infertility. Again, this is because of career demands and uncertainty about the long-term stability of the spousal relationship.
Problems with ovulation are the cause of infertility in about 10 to 15 percent of all cases. Many chronic diseases usually cause infertility. These include:
- Thyroid disease
- Uncontrolled diabetes
- Liver disease
These diseases may interfere with the complex mechanism of ovulation. In approximately 5 percent of the cases, there is a problem with the cervix or cervical mucus.
4. Overexposure and over-exercise May Cause Women Infertility
Some factors can cause temporary (that is, reversible) infertility in some women, even though their menstrual cycles may continue normally. These factors include:
- On-the-job exposure to chemicals and radiation
- Sustained strenuous exercise, such as marathon running
Endometrial tissue is the tissue that lines the uterus and is shed each month in menstruation. And, the endometrium is a condition where tissue that looks like endometrial tissue is located outside the uterus. Endometriosis is usually located only on the pelvic organs surrounding the uterus. In rare instances, it can be found in other places, such as the upper abdomen or lungs. These areas of endometriosis may bleed at the time of the menstrual period. This may cause pain. And because there is no way for the blood to escape, scarring may develop.
6. Tubal blockage
The scarring in the uterus may seal off the ovaries and prevent the egg from reaching the fallopian tube. Even if there are only small areas of endometriosis and the tubes and ovaries are not entirely blocked, fertility may be reduced. Infertility related to tubal blockage and pelvic adhesion is on the rise.
7. Infections May Cause Women Infertility
Sexually transmissible infections, the widespread use of IUDs, and the increase in elective abortions contribute to infertility. The infections include gonorrhea, mycoplasma, and chlamydia. Women with IUDs may have chronic low-grade infections. Some may develop an acute severe infection or a pelvic abscess. Though severe pelvic infection was more common before abortions were legal, a mild infection is not unheard of after an elective abortion today. Specifically, abnormalities of the Fallopian tubes, including scarring from endometriosis or previous infections or surgery, or swelling from a current infection, account for about 20 to 30 percent of all infertility problems.
8. Ruptured appendix
A ruptured appendix may also cause pelvic infection and scarring of the Fallopian tubes. In addition, pelvic adhesion may occur after:
- Surgery to remove ovarian cysts, fibroid, and tubal pregnancies
- Any other lower abdominal or pelvic surgery
9. Uterus shape
Irregularities in the shape of the uterus can occasionally cause “women infertility”. However, irregularities are more frequently associated with spontaneous abortions than with the inability to conceive. The most common cause of irregularity in the shape of the uterus is fibroid (benign fibrous growths of the uterus). Other causes are congenital or developmental abnormalities. Recently, some abnormalities in the shape of the uterus were found in daughters of women who took the drug diethylstilbestrol (DES) during pregnancy.
10. Hormonal abnormalities
Hormonal abnormalities may cause infertility by unbalancing the complex regulation of the menstrual cycle. In addition, severe illnesses (diabetes, liver disease) can also affect the normal cycle and cause infertility.
A vaginal infection may alter the cervical mucus and the pH of the vagina. This creates a hostile environment in which the sperm may live for only a very short time. The presence of sperm antibodies in cervical mucus or vaginal secretions may cause “women infertility”. Physicians have controversy about how often this may be a factor. This is because these antibodies are present in people with normal fertility.
Some Tips for Fertility
The journey to conception is exciting, but it’s also a time of uncertainty for many couples. Luckily, here are some tips for getting pregnant:
1. Infertility Testing
In some couples, antibodies appear to kill or inactivate the sperm. A significant number of infertile couples complete all of the standard testings without any obvious cause of infertility. Many of these couples eventually conceive. Unfortunately, some remain infertile. However, with advances in infertility testing, fewer and fewer cases of infertility remain unexplained.
2. Intercourse timing
The timing of intercourse is important. A woman with a 28-day cycle should have intercourse every other day from the tenth to the eighteenth day of her menstrual cycle. These are the days of her maximum fertility. A male with a low sperm count should get special intercourse timing instructions, as should the woman with a shorter or longer cycle.
Position during intercourse may also be important. Sperm may reach the cervix more easily when the woman:
- Is lying on her back
- And draws her knees up to encircle her partner’s hips
After his orgasm, the woman should maintain this position for 10-15 minutes or relax with a pillow under her hips.